Ancient Weaving and Manufacture of the Sails’ Replicas
The manufacture of the sails’ replicas is significant for this very boat, which navigates only by sails in the re-construction project of Uluburun II and the analysis of the ancient navigation techniques. Based on the data relating to the origin of the shipwreck, which points Mesopotamia , it may be considered that the sails of the boat were weaved in the same region. The linen, which is widely used in the region, is harvested mainly four times a year, which determines highly the soundness and the quality of the linen.
Since the fibers are needed to be durable:
(1) The ropes are obtained from the linen fibers which are to be harvested during the ideal time when fibers gets hardened which is known as Green-Yellow Maturity Period. The fibers that are harvested are to be weaved by the same ancient techniques under the light of the iconographies of that period. The data accumulated by the analysis of the iconographies of the period and the archaeological research give clues of three types of looms.
1- The warp- weighted vertical loom
2- The two-beam vertical loom
3- The horizontal ground looms
(2) The data gathered leads us to the horizontal and ground type of looms, which were used in Egypt .
The durability of the linen which is obtained by the techniques above, to the effects of strong winds, sun, salted water and humidity is one of the most important steps for the manufacturing of sails. The research is being carried out to determine the best natural protection applied during that period among olive oil, linseed oil, and beeswax. The fabric obtained is to be subjected to a durability test in laboratory.
The sewing of the sails’ replicas, which is the final step, will be based on the archaeological data and the ancient techniques.